Charges Collect

What is
Charges Collect

Charges Collect” is a payment term used in freight forwarding where the consignee, or the recipient of the goods, is responsible for paying the total transportation charges upon delivery. These charges encompass all costs related to the transportation of goods, from the point of origin to the destination, including:

  • Freight Charges: The cost of moving goods from the shipper to the consignee.
  • Pickup Charges: Fees associated with collecting the goods from the shipper's location.
  • Delivery Charges: Costs incurred in delivering the goods to the consignee's specified location.

This arrangement is typically agreed upon in the shipping contract and is explicitly stated on the bill of lading, which is the legal document issued by the carrier to acknowledge the receipt of cargo for shipment.

Importance of Charges Collect in Freight Forwarding

Charges Collect is a vital term in freight forwarding for several reasons:

  • Risk Management - By stipulating Charges Collect, shippers can mitigate financial risk by ensuring they do not bear the burden of transportation costs. This is particularly useful when dealing with new or international consignees where financial reliability may be uncertain.
  • Cash Flow Management - For consignees, Charges Collect allows for better cash flow management as they only need to make the payment upon receiving the goods. This can be advantageous for businesses that prefer to pay for services upon receipt rather than upfront.
  • Simplified Billing - Charges Collect simplifies the billing process for shippers as the responsibility for transportation charges is transferred to the consignee. This reduces the administrative burden on the shipper and ensures that payment is received directly from the party receiving the goods.

How Charges Collect Works

The process of Charges Collect involves several steps:

  • Agreement: The shipper and consignee agree on the Charges Collect terms during the negotiation of the shipping contract. This agreement is then documented in the bill of lading.
  • Documentation: The carrier issues a bill of lading that clearly indicates the transportation charges are to be collected from the consignee upon delivery.
  • Transport: The goods are transported from the shipper to the consignee. Throughout this process, the carrier handles the logistics of moving the cargo.
  • Delivery and Payment: Upon delivery, the carrier collects the transportation charges from the consignee. The consignee is responsible for making the payment in full to receive the goods.

Benefits of Charges Collect

Charges Collect offers several benefits to both shippers and consignees:

For Shippers

  • Reduced Financial Risk: By transferring the responsibility of payment to the consignee, shippers can reduce their exposure to financial risk.
  • Streamlined Operations: Shippers can focus on their core operations without worrying about the collection of transportation charges.
  • Improved Cash Flow: Shippers do not have to advance the payment for transportation charges, which can improve their cash flow.

For Consignees

  • Deferred Payment: Consignees can defer the payment until the goods are delivered, allowing them to manage their finances better.
  • Inspection Opportunity: Consignees can inspect the goods before making the payment, ensuring they are satisfied with the delivery.
  • Negotiation Leverage: Consignees may use the payment as leverage to negotiate better terms or resolve any disputes regarding the shipment.

Challenges of Charges Collect

Despite its benefits, Charges Collect also presents certain challenges:

  • Payment Delays: There is a risk of payment delays if the consignee is unable or unwilling to pay upon delivery.
  • Disputes: Disputes may arise if there are disagreements about the condition of the goods or the amount of the charges.
  • Credit Risk: The carrier and shipper may face credit risk if the consignee fails to pay the transportation charges.


Charges Collect is an essential term in freight forwarding that defines the financial responsibilities of the consignee regarding transportation charges. By understanding and utilizing this term effectively, shippers can reduce financial risk, and consignees can manage their cash flow more efficiently. Clear documentation and agreement on Charges Collect terms are crucial for smooth transactions and avoiding disputes.

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